To improve hydropower, and for other purposes.
Congress finds that—
(1)the hydropower industry currently employs approximately 300,000 workers across the United States;
(2)hydropower is the largest source of clean, renewable electricity in the United States;
(3)as of the date of enactment of this Act, hydropower resources, including pumped storage facilities, provide—
(A)nearly 7 percent of the electricity generated in the United States; and
(B)approximately 100,000 megawatts of electric capacity in the United States;
(4)only 3 percent of the 80,000 dams in the United States generate electricity, so there is substantial potential for adding hydropower generation to nonpowered dams; and
(5)according to one study, by utilizing currently untapped resources, the United States could add approximately 60,000 megawatts of new hydropower capacity by 2025, which could create 700,000 new jobs over the next 13 years.
Subsection (d) of section 405 of the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2705) is amended by striking 5,000 and inserting 10,000.
(1)by striking subsections (a) and (b) and inserting the following:
(1)A qualifying conduit hydropower facility shall not be required to be licensed under this part.
(A)Any person, State, or municipality proposing to construct a qualifying conduit hydropower facility shall file with the Commission a notice of intent to construct such facility. The notice shall include sufficient information to demonstrate that the facility meets the qualifying criteria.
(B)Not later than 15 days after receipt of a notice of intent filed under subparagraph (A), the Commission shall—
(C)If, not later than 45 days after the date of publication of the public notice described in subparagraph (B)(ii)—
(3)For purposes of this section:
(A)The term conduit means any tunnel, canal, pipeline, aqueduct, flume, ditch, or similar manmade water conveyance that is operated for the distribution of water for agricultural, municipal, or industrial consumption and not primarily for the generation of electricity.
(B)The term qualifying conduit hydropower facility means a facility (not including any dam or other impoundment) that is determined or deemed under paragraph (2)(C) to meet the qualifying criteria.
(C)The term qualifying criteria means, with respect to a facility—
(1)utilizes for such generation only the hydroelectric potential of a conduit; and
(2)has an installed capacity that does not exceed 40 megawatts.
(2)in subsection (c), by striking subsection (a) and inserting subsection (b); and
(3)in subsection (d), by striking subsection (a) and inserting subsection (b).
Section 5 of the Federal Power Act (16 U.S.C. 798) is amended—
(1)by designating the first, second, and third sentences as subsections (a), (c), and (d), respectively; and
(2)by inserting after subsection (a) (as so designated) the following:
(1)not later than 60 days after the date of enactment of this Act, hold an initial workshop to solicit public comment and recommendations on how to implement a 2-year process;
(2)develop criteria for identifying projects featuring hydropower development at nonpowered dams and closed loop pumped storage projects that may be appropriate for licensing within a 2-year process;
(3)not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, develop and implement pilot projects to test a 2-year process, if practicable; and
(4)not later than 3 years after the date of implementation of the final pilot project testing a 2-year process, hold a final workshop to solicit public comment on the effectiveness of each tested 2-year process.
(1)Pilot projects not implementedIf the Commission determines that no pilot project described in subsection (b) is practicable because no 2-year process is practicable, not later than 240 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Commission shall submit to the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate a report that—
(A)describes the public comments received as part of the initial workshop held under subsection (b)(1); and
(B)identifies the process, legal, environmental, economic, and other issues that justify the determination of the Commission that no 2-year process is practicable, with recommendations on how Congress may address or remedy the identified issues.
(2)Pilot projects implementedIf the Commission develops and implements pilot projects involving a 2-year process, not later than 60 days after the date of completion of the final workshop held under subsection (b)(4), the Commission shall submit to the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate a report that—
(A)describes the outcomes of the pilot projects;
(B)describes the public comments from the final workshop on the effectiveness of each tested 2-year process; and
(A)of the technical flexibility that existing pumped storage facilities can provide to support intermittent renewable electric energy generation, including the potential for such existing facilities to be upgraded or retrofitted with advanced commercially available technology; and
(B)of the technical potential of existing pumped storage facilities and new advanced pumped storage facilities, to provide grid reliability benefits; and
(A)to identify the range of opportunities for hydropower that may be obtained from conduits (as defined by the Secretary) in the United States; and
(B)through case studies, to assess amounts of potential energy generation from such conduit hydropower projects.